Vol 4 | Issue 1 | January-June 2023 | Page 07-12 | Jaya Lalwani, A. Sashank, Ravi Chaudhari
Authors: Jaya Lalwani , A. Sashank , Ravi Chaudhari 
 Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Management, Pt Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Medical College, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India.
Address of Correspondence
Dr. Ravi Chaudhari,
Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Management, Pt Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Medical College, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India.
Background: Supraclavicular brachial plexus block has evolved as a safe alternative to general anaesthesia with good postoperative analgesia. In an attempt to hasten the onset of block and increase the duration of postoperative analgesia, various adjuvant drugs are used along with local anesthetic agents.
Aim: The present study was undertaken to assess the analgesic efficacy of butorphanol (2mg) and tramadol (100 mg) as an adjuvant to levobupivacaine in supraclavicular brachial plexus block during perioperative period.
Study Design: This was a prospective, randomized, double blind study done on 100 adult patients of ASA I-III aged between 18-65 years and scheduled for various upper limb surgeries below the level of elbow.
Materials and Methodology: Patients were allocated by computer generated random draw into two groups of 50 each and were administered the study drugs under ultrasonographic guidance. Both groups received 22ml of the study drug (Group B 20 ml 0.5% levobupivacaine + Butorphanol 2mg and Group T 0.5% levobupivacaine + Tramadol 100 mg). Patients were assessed for duration of postoperative analgesia, onset & duration of sensory as well as motor blockade and occurrence of any side effects.
Results: Duration of postoperative analgesia was significantly elevated in group B (683±88.58 min), as compared to group T (483.2±45.24 min.) with p<0.001. Onset of sensory and motor blockade was comparable among both groups (p>0.05). Duration of sensory and motor block in group B was significantly longer compared to group T (p<0.001). Hemodynamics were stable and side effects were minimal in both the groups.
Conclusion: Butorphanol 2mg when added to 20ml 0.5% levobupivacaine in brachial plexus block, significantly prolongs the duration of postoperative analgesia, sensory and motor block as compared to addition of 100 mg tramadol, with minimal side effects and hemodynamic changes. However, these adjuvants shorten the onset times of sensory and motor block to a similar extent.
Keywords: Brachial plexus block, Levobupivacaine, Butorphanol, Tramadol, Analgesia.
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|How to Cite this Article: Lalwani J, Sashank A, Chaudhari R | Efficacy of Butorphanol and Tramadol as an Adjuvant to Levobupivacaine for Postoperative Analgesia in Brachial Plexus Block – A Randomized Double-Blind Study | International Journal of Regional Anaesthesia | July-December 2023; 4(1): 07-12 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.13107/ijra.2023.v04i01.0068