Prospective Comparative Double-Blind Study on Ultrasound-Guided Pericapsular Nerve Group Block Versus Suprainguinal Fascia Iliaca Block for Perioperative Analgesia in Traumatic Hip Surgeries

Vol 4 | Issue 1 | January-June 2023 | Page 13-19 | Chetana Bhalerao, Ujjwalraj Dudhedia

DOI: https://doi.org/10.13107/ijra.2023.v04i01.069


Authors: Chetana Bhalerao [1], Ujjwalraj Dudhedia [1]

[1] Department of Anaesthesia, Dr. L.H. Hiranandani Hospital Powai, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Address of Correspondence
Dr. Chetana Vitthal Bhalerao,
Department of Anaesthesia, Dr. L.H. Hiranandani Hospital Powai, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
E-mail: chetana.bhalerao999@gmail.com


Abstract


Background: Severe pain in hip fractures limits ideal positioning for spinal anaesthesia. We evaluated the analgesic efficacy of ultrasound-guided pericapsular nerve group block (PENG) and suprainguinal fascia iliaca block (SIFI) for positioning and postoperative pain relief in hip surgeries.
Methods: A prospective, randomized, double-blind study including 30 patients aged 30-90 years of either sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists’-physical status score I to II undergoing traumatic hip surgeries were divided into two groups. Each group was administered 20 ml bupivacaine 0.25% + 10 ml lignocaine 1%. Vitals and visual analogue scale (VAS) score pre-block, 10 mins post-block, after shifting to operation theatre and after positioning; at rest, and after straight leg raise (SLR) and quadriceps muscle strength were noted. The remaining aspects of perioperative care, including subarachnoid block and rescue analgesic techniques were standardized. Time to request first rescue analgesia, duration of block, and incidence of nausea was noted. Statistical analysis done using the Student t test, Chi-Square test.
Results: VAS scores in both groups 10 mins post block at rest, after SLR, and after positioning were comparable. The drop in VAS score although statistically insignificant was more in the PENG group. The motor blockade in SIFI was significantly higher compared to the PENG group (p-0.002). Duration of analgesia with SIFI 551.9 (±56.2) min was longer than PENG block 400.4 (±62.8) min (p=0.0005%). No significant difference between the groups to demographics, hemodynamic parameters, rescue analgesia and incidence of nausea.
Conclusion: PENG block provides superior and faster analgesia with potentially motor sparing effect compared to SIFI block whereas SIFI provides longer duration of analgesia.
Keywords: Analgesia, Pain, Regional Anaesthesia, Ultrasonography


References


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How to Cite this Article: Bhalerao C, Dudhedia U | Prospective Comparative Double-Blind Study on Ultrasound- Guided Pericapsular Nerve Group Block Versus Suprainguinal Fascia Iliaca Block for Perioperative Analgesia in Traumatic Hip Surgeries | International Journal of Regional Anaesthesia | January-June 2023; 4(1): 13-19 | DOI:https://doi.org/10.13107/ijra.2023.v04i01.069


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