Pendant Positioning Vs Traditional Sitting for Successful Spinal Punctures in Elderly

Vol 4 | Issue 2 | July-December 2023 | Page 9-13 | Tamasi Dawn, Yatindra Kumar Batra, Sunny Rupal, Komal Jit Kaur, Tanvir Samra


Submitted: 10-08-2023; Reviewed: 06-09-2023; Accepted: 24-10-2023; Published: 10-12-2023

Authors: Tamasi Dawn [1], Yatindra Kumar Batra [1], Sunny Rupal [1], Komal Jit Kaur [1], Tanvir Samra [2]

[1] Department of Anaethesiology Max superspeciality Hospital, Mohali, Punjab, India.
[2] Department of Anaesthesia PGIMER, Chandigarh, India.

Address of Correspondence
Dr. Tanvir Samra,
Associate Professor Department of Anaesthesia PGIMER, Chandigarh, India.


Background- The ability of the pendant position in increasing the intervertebral spaces translating in an increase in the 1st attempt spinal puncture success rate has been reported in pregnant females undergoing cesarean section. However, the same has not been done for the elderly patients in which age-related degenerative anatomical changes, decreased lordosis, disseminated sclerosis, and extensive osteophytosis is known to reduce the intervertebral space.
Materials and Methods- A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted in patients aged 60-80 years undergoing urological surgeries after approvalfrom the Institutional Ethics Committee and written informed consent from the patients. Primary aim was to compare the number of bone contacts during administration of subarachnoid block with the patient in either pendant (Group A) or traditional (Group B) position. Secondary aims were to compare the proportion of successful spinal needle placements, ease of palpation of spinous processes, patient’s comfort, number of spaces used, time to perform spinal puncture, time to reach grade III (as per modified bromage score) motor blockade, time to reach T10 sensory level and rate of complications in both the groups.
Results- Demographic data was comparable and there was no statistical difference in number of bone contacts, ease of administration, success of spinal needle placements, performance times of subarachnoid block and duration of spinal anaesthesia in both the groups. Complication rates were comparable.
Conclusion- Pendant positioning does not confer any advantage over the traditional sitting position in success rates and performance characteristics of subarachnoid block in elderly (60-80 years) patients scheduled for urological surgeries.
Keywords: Pendant position, Spinal-bone contact, Spinal Needle Puncture, Lumbar puncture, Spinal anesthesia, Aged


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How to Cite this Article:  Dawn T, Batra YK, Rupal S, Kaur KJ, Samra T | Pendant Positioning Vs Traditional Sitting for Successful Spinal Punctures in Elderly | International Journal of Regional Anaesthesia | July- December 2023; 4(2): 9-13 | DOI:

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