Phantom Limb Pain- Mechanism and Evidence Based Management

Vol 3 | Issue 1 | January-June 2022 | Page 08-12 | Rajendra Sahoo

DOI: 10.13107/ijra.2022.v03i01.47

Authors: Rajendra Sahoo [1]

[1] Department of Pain & Palliative Medicine, Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences, KIIT Deemed University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Address of Correspondence:
Dr. Rajendra Sahoo,
Senior Consultant, Department of Pain & Palliative Medicine, Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences, KIIT Deemed University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.


Phantom limb pain (PLP) is a complex condition resulting in manifestation of pain in the missing body part. PLP is very common in post-amputated individuals and the prevalence rate of as high as 80% has been reported in amputees. PLP leads to a poor quality of life and has a tremendous impact on socioeconomic status of individuals. The mechanism of pain in PLP is still poorly understood despite significant research involving the molecular and neurobiology of the pain. Similarly, various pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies are described in the literature. This article aims at briefly reviewing the existing literature pertaining to the PLP mechanism and evidence based treatment.


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28. Barbin J, Seetha V, Casillas JM, Paysant J, Pérennou D. The effects of mirror therapy on pain and motor control of phantom limb in amputees: A systematic review. Ann Phys Rehabil Med. 2016 Sep;59(4):270-5.
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How to Cite this Article: Sahoo R | Phantom Limb Pain- Mechanism and Evidence Based Management | International Journal of Regional Anaesthesia | January-June 2022; 3(1): 08-12.


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